Santa Ana Madeira Citrine is a gorgeous gemstone characterized by its blazing orange-yellow hues. Sparkling and sweet like golden Madeira wine, this citrine brings a touch of sunshine to dark winter days.
Citrine is yellow quartz. German metallurgist Georg Bauer recognized the rare qualities of citrine 450 years ago and named it "citrine," from the French "citron" for lemon and the Latin "citrus." Santa Ana Madeira Citrine displays a beautiful red-orange to red-brown color that is one of the most sought-after varieties of citrine. This gemstone is named after the fortified wine made in the Madeira Islands just off the coast of Portugal. This color is a very unique and rare find. Less than two percent of all citrine comes in this color that we call Madeira Citrine. Natural citrines are rare; most commercial citrines are heat-treated amethysts or smoky quartzes. Citrine is visually similar to yellow topaz, but they differ in hardness. Citrine has ferric or iron impurities.
Citrine can be found in various locations, but when it comes to Madeira Citrine, most originates from Brazil. The Serra mines in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul produces excellent quality Madeira citrine, and this is where we source our collection of this rich red-orange gemstone.