Citrine: Santa Ana Madeira

Santa Ana Madeira Citrine is a gorgeous gemstone characterized by its blazing orange-yellow hues. Sparkling and sweet like golden Madeira wine, this citrine brings a touch of sunshine to dark winter days.

Citrine is yellow quartz. German metallurgist Georg Bauer recognized the rare qualities of citrine 450 years ago and named it "citrine," from the French "citron" for lemon and the Latin "citrus." Santa Ana Madeira Citrine displays a beautiful red-orange to red-brown color that is one of the most sought-after varieties of citrine. This gemstone is named after the fortified wine made in the Madeira Islands just off the coast of Portugal. This color is a very unique and rare find. Less than two percent of all citrine comes in this color that we call Madeira Citrine. Natural citrines are rare; most commercial citrines are heat-treated amethysts or smoky quartzes. Citrine is visually similar to yellow topaz, but they differ in hardness. Citrine has ferric or iron impurities.

  • The Greeks first introduced citrine in jewelry pieces during the Hellenistic period (4th to 1st century BCE).
  • By 1852, Queen Victoria's attraction to citrine launched its popularity and it subsequently became a traditional stone found in Scottish kilt pins and shoulder brooches.
  • This gemstone represents bliss and serves as an amulet to ward off malicious acts. It invites positive vibes which fosters a happy existence. It is attributed with good fortune and triumph in business.
  • Considered to support digestion and flush toxins, it is also thought to shield against viral outbreaks and ease skin irritation, including animal bites.
  • Citrine is said to boost creativity and intuition, reinforce confidence, maintain emotional balance and prevents depression.
  • Possessing energy from the sun, citrine can pacify troubled situations.
  • If worn at bedtime, citrine may block bad dreams and guarantee a sound sleep.
  • Citrine is also called a "merchant's stone" due to the common practice of placing it near the cash register in shops.


Citrine can be found in various locations, but when it comes to Madeira Citrine, most originates from Brazil. The Serra mines in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul produces excellent quality Madeira citrine, and this is where we source our collection of this rich red-orange gemstone.

  • Ranks 7.0 on the Mohs hardness scale.
  • Color variations include yellow-brown, mandarin orange, burnt orange and Madeira red.
  • Sourced from the Serra mines in Brazil.
  • Member of the quartz family.
  • Also known as Bohemian Topaz, Citron, Kundalini Quartz, and Lemon Quartz.
  • Birthstone for November.
  • Traditional gift for 13th anniversary.